Wendy Suzuki, professor of neuroscience, extolled the virtues of exercise and the resulting transformation of the brain. She explained that a 30-minute workout, 3-4 times a week, that includes a raising of the heart rate, will result in long lasting positive effects on the brain. Results include a better mood, increased energy, and attention gain. Long term effects include strengthening of the brain, resulting in greater protection against disease. Fred acknowledged his adherence to these principles by working out with his dumbbells during her presentation.